Monday, 14 April 2014

Piketty: Egalité, Fraternité–but Let’s Have No More of that Liberté

image

You may have heard of a French fellow called Thomas Piketty, called “the most important economist today,” whose book Capital (in the Twenty-First Century) has been launched across the intellectual firmament with the sort of impetus not seen since the days of Silent Spring, The Population Bomb – or The Spirit Level.  The book is

Handout695-pages of rollicking neo-Marxist agitprop against inequality and in favour of massive new taxes on the rich. The book is a sensation on the left, a nuclear target for the right, and an endless battlefield for economic theorists of all stripes.
    If you haven’t heard of him yet you are not following North America’s leading purveyors of popular ideology: The New Yorker, The New York Times, The Week, The Nation, The National Review,  The America  Prospect. Hate it or love it — all are welcome from one end of that violent spectrum to the other — Capital is the economics industry’s tomb-raider of the 21stcentury.

If you haven't heard of it yet, fear not: it will be coming soon to a blog near you – or, at least, the warmed-over neo-Marxist rhetoric about “inequality” will.

Piketty rampages through two centuries of economic data and graphs, plunders ideas and theories from hither and yon, fills pages with pop culture references and CEO compensation lore, before settling down to contemplate his “utopian” idea:  A global annual capital tax of maybe 2% on the assets of the rich and a marginal tax rate of 80% on incomes above maybe $500,000 — all necessary to ward off “the violent political conflict that inequality inevitably instigates.”

So, yes, as Terence Corcoran at Canada’s Financial Post concludes:

There’s a lot in Capital, but the book has three basic foundations. There’s the Marxist Set Up, the Capitalist Straw Dog and the Utopian Tax Plan.  All the rest is elaborate if sometimes fascinating filler.

But since you’re going to keep hearing more and more in coming months about Piketty, his book, and especially the Utopian Tax Plan, it’s important to know more.  Austrian Economics blogger Smiling Dave starts at the very beginning:

Gotta give Piketty's book credit for barking up the wrong tree right from the get-go. Here are the first lines from the intro:
        The distribution of wealth is one of today’s most widely discussed and controversial issues. But what
    do we really know about its evolution over the long term? Do the dynamics of private capital
    accumulation inevitably lead to the concentration of wealth in ever fewer hands, as Karl Marx believed
    in the nineteenth century? Or do the balancing forces of growth, competition, and technological progress
     lead in later stages of development to reduced inequality and greater harmony among the classes, as
     Simon Kuznets thought in the twentieth century?

Let's look at this more closely.
        The distribution of wealth is one of today’s most widely discussed and controversial issues…
True as far it goes, that ignorant people talk about this a lot. But the intelligent can reach only one conclusion. Whoever works should be allowed to keep the profits of his work. [Even Marx agreed with this, merely arguing that the problem with capitalism is that someone is not being allowed to keep the fruits of his labours, a claim long exposed as false]. It makes no difference to A's rights to keep what he produced whether B is rich or poor, equal or unequal, to A. If we see "inequality", that does not mean something is necessarily wrong. In fact, inequality must exist in such a system, which the author agrees is the right way to go in his video. You'll remember that he praises "meritocracy", another word for what we are talking about.
    For example, who reading this can write a book as popular as the Harry Potter series? I think we can agree that whoever can, will do it, Piketty and Karl Marx included, because the reward is so great. If you didn't do it, it's because you don't have the talent. Now, nobody was exploited, nobody was robbed, nobody was placed in chains, by J. K. Rowling. She wrote books that people loved so much they happily gave her money in exchange for them. Meritocracy at its best. Is anybody going to claim that since she is now a billionaire and everyone else is the same old slob, that something is wrong with the world?
    And yet, the Harry Potter books have increased inequality in way few things have. Miss Rowling used to be "equal' to everyone. Now is she is supremely unequal. Is Piketty going to come out against the books, saying the world would be a better place if they were not written, that everyone would be happier that way? If he does, he's a bigger fool than he already has shown himself to be.image
    Bottom line, "inequality" per se is not a problem, just a fact of life. But the author makes it sound like it's the single greatest problem facing the world today. As other posters have pointed out, if people steal money to get rich, via the govt or in other ways, the problem is not inequality, but stealing.
    The next sentences continue the theme, creating a false dichotomy. Either inequality will increase [=bad, he thinks] or will decrease or stay the same [=good, he thinks]. In light of the above, this is an incredibly foolish point of view. The book is about Capitalism, and he is going to be stupid enough to judge Capitalism based on the question, does it increase or decrease inequality?
    The correct question, the correct criteria to judge Capitalism as opposed to other systems, is not to compare Miss Rowling to Joe Slob and see if they are both equal. It's to compare Miss Rowling in a Capitalist system to Miss Rowling in an alternate system, and Joe Slob under Capitalism to Joe Slob under another system. Does Capitalism increase the standard of living of both Miss Rowling and Joe Slob? If so, it is the superior system, regardless of any "inequality" that exists.
    Of course, this comparison is so clear cut that Marxists dare not talk about it. The poorest capitalist country has a much higher standard of living, for everyone, than the richest Marxist country, a fact no one denies.
    So if you want to see someone make a fool of himself for a few hundred pages, read Piketty's book. If you want to learn economics, read Smiling Dave's blog.

I reckon Smiling Dave has earned the sponsor’s message. Don’t you?

Anyway, he continues:

Wealth doesn't come into existence "randomly". Somebody had to do some work somewhere for that wealth to be created. This is a key point that, when elaborated on, refutes all his arguments.
    Now there are two angles from which to look at his thesis, the moral and the economic. Since the Austrian giants have written about this extensively … I'll just give an outline:
   
Moral arguments:
    1. Reductio ad absurdum. Accepting his logic for the sake of argument, the rich countries should give their
     wealth to the poor countries, until everyone is equally poor. But you don't hear him advocating that.
    2. Miss Rowling worked for her money, and even Marx agrees that therefore it's hers. Has she the right to
     give it as a gift to anyone she wants? Of course, for otherwise it's effectively not hers to with as she pleases.
     Therefore she has every right to give it to her son. Does she own it any less the day she is about to die? Of
    course not. So if she gives it as a gift to her son the day she is about to die, we are all OK with that, right? No
    questions about the son being "random", right? And that's what inheritance is, the recognition that the
    parents want to gift their kids with their money.
    3. Another reductio. If it is our job, as he assumes, to right the wrongs the Universe has created, why stop at
    money? Why not right the wrongs caused by some people being more talented than other? Result:
Harrison
    Bergeron
.

Economic arguments:

1. Even Piketty understands that Capital Accumulation is what leads to greater wealth. AE has shown that not only does it lead to greater wealth for the owner of the capital, but for the whole economy. Thus, we should do all we can to increase capital accumulation, and get rid of every discouragement. Many people work to improve the lot in life of their children. And if we institute Piketty's silly programs, we are destroying one of their important incentives to be productive.
Historically, this has always been the case. Soviet Russia was notorious for the amount of time wasting people did at work, preferring to gossip for hours than actually doing something productive. The reason? Russia had instituted Pikkety's programs of reditribution.
Contrast this with the USA, which, until it started doing what Piketty wants, was the richest country in the world by far. Its workers got the highest wages in the world, its products were of the highest quality, and were sold cheaper than any others. And how did that happen? Austrian analysis says because the USA was the free-est country, economically, meaning those who made money were allowed to actually keep it, as opposed to having it taxed away at every opportunity.
2. Ability tends to be inherited, at least to some extent. Thus, we are giving the capital to the person most likely to use it best if we let it be handed on through inheritance. And if the inheritor is not competent, market forces will ensure they will go to someone who is. But redistribution guarantees that vast amounts of the money will go to incompetents and dead beats, who will just spend it on beer and cigarettes.

    Bottom line, we have another instance of what Mises always pointed out was a basic flaw in all other schemes but the free market: the results are the opposite of what the proponents intended. And the reason is simple: The free market maximizes wealth for everyone. Everyone wants that. But their proposals are always to stifle the free market, meaning to reduce wealth.

In short, like all versions of Equalite, Fraternite through the ages, Piketty’s forced equality simply makes us poorer. And worse: the only way government can make people equal is by force -- as Ayn Rand observed, they can either raise everyone to the mountaintops, or simply raze the mountains.

Which one, do you think,is most common?

You don’t need to go far to get your answer. Just your latest neo-Marxist experiments. Like Piketty’s France, already overtaxing the wealthy, from which Frenchmen like Gerard Depardieu are fleeing.  Or like those people in Venezuela queuing for food and toilet paper while being shot in the streets.

6 comments:

  1. Proves everything I have ever said about Frogland and the French haha!

    This Pikelet bloke sounds a lot like Robespierre with this maniacal ranting, and you only have to look at all the problems which have arisen during the last couple of centuries every time someone takes the Froggies seriously.

    Froglanders are dirty, dirty people who are best ignored.

    ReplyDelete
  2. The correct question, the correct criteria to judge Capitalism as opposed to other systems, is not to compare Miss Rowling to Joe Slob and see if they are both equal. It's to compare Miss Rowling in a Capitalist system to Miss Rowling in an alternate system, and Joe Slob under Capitalism to Joe Slob under another system. Does Capitalism increase the standard of living of both Miss Rowling and Joe Slob? If so, it is the superior system, regardless of any "inequality" that exists.

    To even talk about "inequality", to even admit it is (or could be) a problem is to give in to the leftists.

    The conservative answer is simple: Rowling deserves what she has, Slob deserves what he has. End of story.


    The free market maximizes wealth for everyone.

    The market arranges pareto-optimal distribution of wealth. That is not the same as "maximises wealth for everyone".
    Were Slob to shoot Rowling and confiscate all her wealth, that maximises wealth for Slob and minimises wealth for Rowling.
    But it's still a better result for Slob!

    The poorest capitalist country has a much higher standard of living, for everyone, than the richest Marxist country, a fact no one denies.


    That's simply not true. I'm not sure what I'd pick as the "poorest capitalist country" but the Marxist countries like Sweden, Norway, Australia, New Zealand are doing pretty damn well. Even Greece isn't doing that badly, compared, to, say, some dump in mid-Africa, or even China for that matter.

    ReplyDelete
  3. @Tory: "That's simply not true."

    That simply is true.

    Sweden, Norway, Australia, New Zealand are not Marxist, they are what economist Ludwig Von Mises more accurately "hampered markets." Many of the impediments are inspired by Marxism, true, but that does not make us Marxist. Especially not as compared, say, to North Korea, or Venezuala, or Cuba or .... [insert any other pestilential Marxist-inspired shithole here].

    ReplyDelete
  4. Tory - have you been to Greece lately? I was there last November for a few days on my honeymoon (my 4th visit)

    The place is not only completely stuffed, but every Greek you talk to openly tells you so; Greece's problems certainly are not due to 'too much capitalism'.

    Funnily enough, a couple of minutes ago - just before clicking onto this site - I was reading an email from a cute Greek friend of mine bemoaning that for the third time in 2 years he has lost yet another job due to the firm going bankrupt last Friday.

    Presumably the Country in Africa doing worse than Greece is Central African Republic? (and the main cause of their problems is they used to be a colony of the bloody Froggies!)

    ReplyDelete
  5. Nett government (local + national) consumption at over 50% of GDP?
    Marginal nett tax fraction at Muldoonist levels of around 65%?

    Sounds pretty damn Marxist to me. Objectively - especially if you like to drink and smoke - you're have been freer in the GDR in 1960 than you are in NZ today. But again the poor in a capitalist country like China do worse than the poor in Marxist NZ.

    The point is: you're actually asking the wrong question - the question is not whether the "poor do better" under Marxism, but how well the "rich" do. And there, there is no question: capitalism wins.

    Even to ask about the "poor" concedes the ground to the communists. And lets face it: by this criterion, ACT is as communist as every other NZ political party!

    ReplyDelete
  6. @Angry: "Even to ask about the "poor" concedes the ground to the communists..."

    Ah, no, it doesn't.

    (You really are satire, aren't you, Mr Tory. Not good satire, true, but satire nonetheless.)

    ReplyDelete

1. Commenters are welcome and invited.
2. All comments are moderated. Off-topic grandstanding, spam, and gibberish will be ignored. Tu quoque will be moderated.
3. Read the post before you comment. Challenge facts, but don't simply ignore them.
4. Use a name. If it's important enough to say, it's important enough to put a name to.
5. Above all: Act with honour. Say what you mean, and mean what you say.