For dexterity, manipulative skill and and sheer engineering complexity, it’s hard to go past this high-speed robot hand.
Tuesday, 1 September 2009
Just to remind you about this Thursday night’s B3 Bloggers Bar Bash at Galbraith’s – first Thursday of every month, as always. Come along for face-to-face arguments, good beer and undoubtedly the usual death-threat or three. And Annie Fox! will probably have a few good stories to share from a week in Brisbane – and one or two of them might even be true.
See you there!
The Times lists five well over-rated “ancient and historical sites” that are on the list of most would-be travellers, and offers five lesser-known alternatives that you might want aim for instead. The five most overrated are:
- Stonehenge. A sad and inaccessible pile of stones in a cow paddock. Very underwhelming.
- Petra, Jordan. Over-visited, over-crowded, and being overwhelmed by the tourism village itself.
- The Colosseum, Rome. Over-visited, over-crowded and now a traffic island.
- Machu Picchu, Peru. Costs an arm and a leg and an uncomfortable journey to get there. But if you do get there . . .
- Angkor, Cambodia. Now far too overcrowded to appreciate the majesty in the peace and quiet they need.
I’ve only been to one of the five myself, but the problem of overcrowding exists in every major tourist site. So how does this list fit with your experience?
Check out the full story and the suggested alternatives here.
The first in a series of twelve interviews with leading Austrian Economists discussing each chapter of Hazlitt's classic book – i.e., the book that every home should have. Listen in to Walter Block on the introduction and ‘The Lesson’ . . .
. . . and Thomas Di Lorenzo on ‘The Broken Window.’ You should know about that one by now, right?
Tauranga’s Sun Live newspaper is now hosting two combative freedom-loving bloggers (cripes, they’re everywhere, aren’t they!?). En garde!
Our new blog Clark & Watkins will serve to offer you an enlightened view of what it should be like to live as an independent-thinking & free individual in a free economy.
We’ll highlight infractions of your right to liberty, and those busy-bodies that wish to infract.
We’ll show you what your council and its minions are up to with your money and your property rights.
We’ll spell out where your money goes and to who.
We’ll defend your liberty against all those that wish to take it away, whether they be private citizen or politician.
Each day we will post our view on a current event, or general freedom issue, but we’ll also offer alternatives or solutions to the status/statist quo.
We’ll also post on music, art, and important people that come to this nice town of ours.
Add them to your blog roll … if you can work out what their blog’s regular damn address is. (In the meantime, head to SunLive’s blog page and look for the cool logo.)
The world is turning. One of NZ’s more rational investment advisers is delivering a presentation this Friday on the subject "Gold is Money and Nothing Else."
That is exactly what JP Morgan himself said when he was asked about the role of gold in the financial system by a US congressional subcommittee in 1913. Modern investment portfolio managers may soon come to realise they have been imprudent to continue to ignore gold as a currency. Real wealth is, after all, already shifting rapidly and inevitably away from the West and into the East. That's because the United States has by now irreparably abused its "exorbitant privilege" (as it was once called by Charles De Gaulle) of US dollar hegemony (which was the result of Bretton Woods in 1944).
Indeed, ever since the US defaulted on its debt obligation in 1971, when President Nixon unilaterally cancelled the Bretton Woods system and stopped the direct convertibility of the US dollar to gold, the world has continued to be under the spell of central bankers. Yet now, after years of irresponsible money creation, the global financial system is in serious trouble. Throwing more money at the problem will not work forever. There is no way to perpetuate a debt-based financial system in perpetuity. Rien ne se perd, rien ne se crée; tout se transforme. The ongoing transformation is yet again taking its natural course. One manifestation of this is the increasing importance of Sovereign Wealth Funds. Will central banks survive?
This presentation aims to debunk the myth that the gold standard is a barbarous relic and show that, instead, we are in need of serious monetary reform and, in the meantime, gold has once again a very real role to play in the prudent management of wealth.
This is a major presentation by a respected professional, who has been delivering this presentation round Asia, and will want to give feedback on the reaction (ie that there’s an urgent need for monetary reform and until this happens it’s prudent to look at investments in that context.)
Louis Boulanger is the founder of LB Now Ltd, and was previously executive director of Mercer Investment Consulting, where he was responsible for the strategic asset allocation advice given to institutional clients. He also served as founding president of the CFA Society of New Zealand and remains a director. He is currently the chair of the Asia Pacific Regional Investment Performance Subcommittee of the Global Investment Performance Standards (GIPS) Council and a member of the GIPS Executive Committee.
The talk is that this Friday lunchtime at Auckland’s Northern Club. Details here.
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Top ten posts for August:
- Quote of the day: Conservative or Liberal?
"We don't really care whether you call yourself conservative or liberal. What we care about is whether you defend or undermine individual rights." Still as true as when it was first posted.
- Pre-school non-education vs Montessori education
While many 5-year-olds with years of mainstream pre-school education are starting school unable to count or complete the alphabet, six-year-olds in Montessori classrooms are are counting and understanding the concept of one million, doing long division and binomial equations, and reading and writing their own short stories. How so?
- LIBERTARIANZ SUS: No means no!
John Key doesn’t understand that “no” doesn’t mean “yes.”
- It was never just about smacking, you know
The primary focus of the anti-smacking brigade is not smacking. Once you understand that, you will understand their reaction to the referendum. It was never primarily about smacking, and it was never really about child abuse. It was always about control.
- Quote for a Sunday: On Christianity
"Christianity has acquiesced in slavery and polygamy, has practically canonized war, has, in the name of the Lord, burnt heretics and devastated countries."
- Fat fools call for new taxes on rent and mortgages
Everyone’s got a favourite tax they want to slap on someone to stop the housing bubble happening again. But do few have any idea of what caused it in the first place!
- Objectivist banking business
How banker John Allison used the values of Objectivism to make BB&T Bank one of America’s powerhouses, and having fun doing it. It was done by taking integrity seriously. . .
- Testing the new additions to the blogroll
A truckload of conservative commentators on the blogroll! How in Hades did they sneak in here?
- Freedom for me . . . but I’m not so sure about ye
Mencken used to say that a puritan is someone possessed of the all-pervasive fear that someone, somewhere, might be having fun. Mencken would have noticed lots of puritans about today, huh, many possessing legislative power. . .
- Raising Good Kids
Forget what’s legal or not legal and start looking instead at what’s good – to raise good kids into good adults you’ll want a clear sense of the good yourself.
- Quote of the day: Conservative or Liberal? (89 comments)
- Pre-school non-education vs Montessori education (68)
- Government announces cellphone ban . . . (58)
- LIBERTARIANZ SUS: No means no! (53)
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Cheers, and thanks to you all for reading, linking to and talking about NOT PC this month,
To insist, as philosophers have done for centuries, that knowledge requires some kind of “timeless certainty” is not a search for certainty – it’s a refusal to be certain. It makes knowledge an impossible ideal -- “the perfect being the enemy of the good.”
It is a way of always knowing less than you do know, and ensuring that you never know anything for sure. To make yourself uncertain by means of the certain; what could be more ironic?
But as Tibor Machan discusses, Ayn Rand made what amounts to a unique achievement. She validated common sense. “What Ayn Rand proposed is that human beings, if they do the hard work, can obtain knowledge just fine and dandy. And there is, of course, ample evidence of this in the sciences, in technology and—let’s not forget—ordinary life. But what is this human knowledge?
As the name of her system makes evident, the key to knowledge is objectivity. As Rand herself puts the point in her book, Introduction to Objectivist Epistemology”:
“Objective validity is determined by reference to the facts of reality. But it is man who has to identify the facts; objectivity requires discovery by man—and cannot precede man's knowledge, i.e., cannot require omniscience. Man cannot know more than he has discovered—and he may not know less than the evidence indicates, if his concepts and definitions are to be objectively valid.”
To know. Not just to trust, but to know – to know down to the root, which you need to if you’re about to bet your life on it. That’s what astronauts do – or adventurers—or new people taking new paths down new roads---or a woman riding seven-thousand tons of steel and freight thundering along at over one-hundred miles per hour like "a great silver bullet" through great cities and along narrow mountain trails – a train held above the precipice by just two strips of green-blue metal strung in a curve along a narrow rock shelf, strips of metal no wider than a woman's arm. . . People, that is, like Dagny Taggart.
Says the Trendir Modern Houses website,
Nature with architecture is not an odd pairing by any means, but it’s never been done quite like this. But another factor plays heavily on this contemporary, flowing style – music. Architect Robert Harvey Oshatz has created this awesome, artistic piece of architecture in the woods of Portland, Oregon, for a client who’s love of music would be translated into a modern home. . .
The main living level of this contemporary tree house sits in the canopy, among lush green leaves with the dewy earth rolling out below. It’s one of those designs that’s difficult to describe.
According to the architect, “One has to actually stroll through the house to capture its complexities and its connection to the exterior with the use of a natural wood ceiling floating on curving laminated wood beams which pass through a generous glass wall which wraps around the main living room.”
Monday, 31 August 2009
If it’s mining you want then here’s one of the world’s biggest machines to do it with.
Now this is really capital in action, huh?
Gerry Brownlee’s announcement that he wants to unlock New Zealand’s mineral wealth has set hearts all aflutter, with the Standard (poor lambs) likening his trial balloon to a precursor to rape and pillage and Metiria Turei complaining that we don’t really need to get richer, and that mining stuff is just “old dinosaur thinking” anyway.
Tell that to the Lucky Country to the west of us, where everyone is still (on average) around 25% wealthier than each of us based in no small part on digging stuff out of the ground and selling it.
Which leads me to ask and answer an obvious question for you:
Is it possible to mine without upsetting the neighbours, and to set up a legal structure that allows it?
And the answer:
Of course it is. It just requires the clear recognition of private property rights.
Such a shame then that we have so few of them – that nearly half of New Zealand’s land is ‘owned’ by the government and around one-third set aside as “conservation land” – with up to 70% of all known potential mineral resources on government land administered by the Department of Conservation.
And although Gerry Brownlee, bless ‘im, is keen to get mining going again in New Zealand, he’s not going to countenance a change in either the government ownership of mineral rights (all naturally occurring gold, silver, uranium, and petroleum in New Zealand is owned by the Government, and permits under the Crown Minerals Act are needed to explore for or mine these minerals), or of government ownership of land.
That’s a great pity since there’s so much at stake – and his proposal simply to improve “access” to conservation land for mining is probably the worst of both worlds.
How much is at stake? Well, Australia is often known as "the lucky country" because of its resource riches. And according to a 2006 World Bank study (which being the World Bank is bound to be full of holes, but it’s all we’ve got to look at) Australia's underground mineral wealth only amounts to around $11,500 per Australian, most of which is being tapped, whereas New Zealand’s is around a third of that at $3,600, most of which is not being tapped. That’s not quite Australia’s mineral riches, but that’s a respectable amount of wealth to lock up just to protect a few snails-- according to Brownlee’s advisers that’s around $140 billion of gross in-ground value locked up.
And what’s wrong with just improving access rather than improving private ownership rights? Because the incentives are all wrong. One look at the Soviet Union’s lethal legacy of filth or of logging and forest clearance in the Amazon is enough to show what happens when government owns everything, and is interested in extraction at all costs.
Improving access instead of improving private ownership rights does nothing to solve the Tragedy of the Commons problem that is at the cause of so much of the world’s environmental degradation: As long as a resource is either unowned or held in common (or govt) ‘ownership,’ then the incentive for each resource user is to take as much as they can when they can and whenever they can, no matter the consequences for the quality and the quantity of either the resource or the are in which its being extracted. That's the tragedy: common ownership provides no incentive for genuine 'stewardship' – and any attempt to replace natural incentives with bureaucratic management is doomed to failure. Just ask the residents of Magnitogorsk or the Mato Grosso.
Conflict is not inevitable with mining. The answer, as I pointed out to Nandor Tanczos a few years back, is not political management but clearer property rights, and greater common law protection of those rights. Property rights take the issue out of the political arena, allowing those who do hold rights to express their own values without political interference from the likes of either Mr Brownlee or Mr Tanczos. Elizabeth Brubaker from Canadian organisation Environment Probe makes that case superbly here.
When property rights are properly expressed through common law for example, property rights involve a 'bundle' of rights, and each rights-holder is promised clear legal protection by the courts over their 'stick' in the bundle. When such a thing as mining is contemplated, every owner of a stick in the affected bundle has absolute protection in expressing their own values--whether that’s conservation of the environmental values, or the use of the resource--and that legal protection must be recognised by anyone proposing to exercise the use of their own 'stick.' Everyone is free to make their own valuations of each of the ‘sticks,’ and in the end, the resources end up in the hands of those who value them most.
If for example I have a clear and protected right to use a stream running through an area affected by proposed mining, then under common law the miner is obliged to take my values into account by either not damaging the waterway, or by purchasing my assent and the assent of all other affected stream-users -- and of all other affected parties. (Elizabeth Brubaker offers some examples here of the sort of legal protection afforded to stream-users by common law). These affected parties might hold rights to access, hunting, harvesting, tramping, logging, birding, or profits à prendre; they might hold a conservation covenant, or just have the right to peaceful enjoyment of their property – but under common law all their rights must be protected as long as they wish them to be protected.
That's protection then for all rights-owners' chosen values, and all done without all the picketing, bickering and politicking we see now. If it be objected that this excludes all those who value the untrammelled value of wild and untouched land, then let them express the extent to which they really do truly value the conservation estate by becoming a rights-holder in it, rather than seeking to use the government's club to enforce their chosen values over others. It doesn't require full ownership, it simply means acquiring the right to a 'stick' in the bundle.
I commend the idea to your attention.
NB: Check out the New Zealand Mineral Exploration Association’s website, which has all the information you’d want to know about where and how much we’re minerally endowed. See.
- Ted Kennedy (1932-2009) “So passes a very influential man whose legacy will echo among the halls of the Senate.” Well that much is certainly true.
- Mark Steyn assembles a Mary Jo Kopechne death panel . . . and more comment on the Dead Kennedy. http://tinyurl.com/mb4ary
- "The New Zealand left is possibly at the lowest point that it’s been at for over a hundred years." That’s just so sad, isn’t it. http://tinyurl.com/kqgkxp
- A person in the pay of the government is not free to speak publicly about the most pressing issues he confronts. He sells his soul and gets a mess of pottage in return. http://tinyurl.com/mkyrdo
- 150 years of Oil: Most good things would either not exist or be far more expensive without oil, yet oil is labelled "a pollutant." http://tinyurl.com/mskvbr
- Ted Kennedy stood for everything that America is not . . . which is precisely the reason he is now lionized by the liberal media http://tinyurl.com/myvhjh
- Ted Kennedy has promoted govt expansion & the establishment of socialism in the US. Is this a what a true American hero looks like? http://tinyurl.com/l3omra
- Irony Alert: Weather supercomputer used to predict climate change is one of Britain's worst polluters http://tinyurl.com/nsz5yw
- A wonderful graphic summary of the rise and fall of the US dollar from 1800 until now. Dollar dilution is a cost to all dollar holders. http://blog.mises.org/archi...
- Tellingly, not one major Republican legislator has been able to mount a moral challenge to ObamCare. http://bit.ly/m0Sir
- British broadcasting is authoritarian, says Murdoch junior. http://bit.ly/15SElp
- A message for those want to "invest" in public transport . . . http://bit.ly/5hgy1
- 'To the living one owes consideration; to the dead only the truth.' The truth about Ted Kennedy just keeps getting worse http://tinyurl.com/m8yqvj
- You can't raise good kids if you don't have a clear sense of the good yourself. http://bit.ly/aTQ5Y
- Peak Oil? Not yet, Jeanette. http://tinyurl.com/l5h77z
- Knowing how to raise kids to become fine adults is much more important than talking past each other about the legality or otherwise of smacking. http://tinyurl.com/lzpe2r
- RT @Rational Jenn : The latest Objectivist Round Up is Live! http://tinyurl.com/roundup114 #AynRand
- Pythagoras’s Theorem needed only 24 words, the Ten Commandments just 138, US regulations on cabbages a massive 26000, and UK Education Dept guidelines contain over 1.3 million words! “So it takes 90 pages to cut down on bureaucracy?!!! I hate to think what it would take if they wanted to increase it!” http://tinyurl.com/lssxp5
Keep reading here.
And don’t forget to check out these two new blogs:
- Painter Michael Newberry’s Artist’s Voice. Keep up to date with this inspiring artist – and his incredible talent spotting – at his new blog. Why not start with his Manifesto, or his republished ‘Free Radical’ article on Terrorism and Postmodern Art.
- The Opinionated Mummy. Rantings and ravings by another local freedom lover. I don’t think she’s Egyptian – or ancient. :-)
Soon after the last election I asked if regime change will mean blog change? -- suggesting that the pro-National blogs would find it hard to maintain their enthusiasm for blogging under a National Government, and if they did they’d simply turn into a blue Jordan Carter. (Uugh! What could be more shameful?)
Along those lines, two Tory bloggists have questioned their blogging raison d'être this week including Barnsley Bill, who’s questioning his blogging mojo but seems to be staying put, and Keeping Stock who cites other interests and is saying Goodbye. And not so long ago we saw Roar Prawn go, then come back again, then . . . (just what the hell is she doing now?)
Blogging is by and large an oppositional medium. Perhaps that’s why Labour’s Red Alert has made a splash without seeing anything comparable from the government – and just how dull would it have been if there had been? Because, let’s face it, it’s far more interesting downloading posts that rip the arse out of the ruling panjandrums than it is reading soothing encomia to their brilliance. And that’s why the pro-National blogs are so boring. I predicted as much back in November, suggesting that
the Vast Right Wing Conspiracy -- which is to say Whale Oil, Kiwiblog, No Minister and the odious Matthew Hooton -- well, they'll just quietly transform the Conspiratorium of Right Wing Opposition into a Softcock Centre-Right Blancmange sending out trial balloons for their masters between frequent encomia to blandness and big government.
Was I wrong? Well, Matthew Hooton’s got a new job inside the tent; Whale Oil has taken to attacking people no-one cares about; and David Farrar keeps sending out those trial balloons in between recycling the news, republishing some good stats, and explaining why this is the best government since Gladstone’s.
And there’s only so many times you can read Adolf filling up the columns at No Minister with news about how wonderful that nice Mr Key is for not listening to his employers before feeling the bile rise in the throat -- and his regular attacks on Labour’s front bench are quite simply irrelevant. Who cares? Attacking Labour made for readable posts when Labour was in power, but it’s a dumb-trick one-trick pony now they’ve been turfed out.
So No Minister under Adolf’s dictatorship is the prime example of Going Carter.
What about the left side of the aisle? As expected, The Double Standard has moved from the Ninth Floor of the Beehive down to EPMU headquarters, but has become more interesting for it, if no less hyperbolic; Tumeke has gone from hating John Key and George Bush to really, really hating John Key and wanting to fellate Obama; The Hive has disappeared into the lobbies; and the men and women of Public Address are slowly realising John Boy is one of them, especially now he’s telling Family First it’s still not okay.
And the Dim Post has got funnier.
So I don’t think I”ve done too badly with my predictions -- though I confess I said nothing about Dim Post or the ermgence of the MacDoctor -- and nor has Cactus Kate with hers, particularly with her prediction: “new left wing blogs to emerge now they all face long-term unemployment.” That might explain the bitter tone of the newly unemployed at the likes of Kiwipolitico.
And if you’re wondering if this is all a precursor to folding up my own tent, I’m afraid not. NOT PC is going nowhere (as the latest blog rankings confirm). My own reasons for blogging haven’t changed since I began.
And there’s always some breaking news to talk about:
UPDATE 1: Trying to find a new mojo, Whale Oil is now blogetically co-habiting with Cactus at a new blog location called Gotcha! – the name an homage, I presume, to The Sun’s famous/infamous headline.
UPDATE 2: Pablo from Kiwipolitico reckons they’re neither bitter nor un(der)employed. The latter we’ll have to take on trust, and on the former claim you can simply head over there and decide for yourself about the bitterness or otherwise of this increasingly influential left-wing blog.
UPDATE 3: Speaking of mojo, DomPost's political editor reckons Farrar has lost his, The Standard writers haven't quite acquired one, and Whale Oil is, "once I got over my squeamishness . . . utterly nihilistic and entertaining." Oh, and NOT PC doesn't exist -- except when it comes to pinching lines. (Yes Virginia, we bloggers can spot a pinched line when we see one.)
Saturday, 29 August 2009
The sad situation that’s developed in the aftermath of last week’s referendum on smacking is that all debates on raising good kids have now become framed by the issue of how they’re disciplined rather than how they’re raised to become fine adults – and on what other parents are supposedly doing wrong instead of what it means to do right yourself.
And this is exactly backwards. “Discipline” is just a nice person’s way to say punish. To take nothing away from your right to raise good kids as you choose (which in their equating of smacking with beating is essentially what the Bradford-Harridan axis wanted to take away) , if you want to raise good kids, the method by which they’re punished is not the first or even most important tool in a parent’s toolbox.
The issue has become so much framed by the debate over whether or not smacking should be legal or illegal, that people seem to have forgotten that the law in no way offers a guide to what you should do, only what you may not do. Legality is not morality – or even necessarily good parenting. Avoiding sending the wrong messages is a very different thing to making sure you send the right ones.
So let’s see if we can step outside the essentially negative “debate” over whether or not smacking should be legal or illegal, and have a look at what parents ought to be doing if they want to raise good kids, and where they might get some assistance.
First off, let’s recognise that the development of good character in their children is the goal of many, if not most, parents -- but young children aren’t yet able to grasp for themselves such abstract virtues as honesty, responsibility and productivity. (And something similar might be said about many parents, who perhaps never will.). Fundamentally, children lack yet the ability to project the future into the present in a way that would demonstrate to them the positive long-range consequences of acting well, and in any case they lack the experiences on which to draw that allow them to draw those lessons.
It’s not enough for you to simply draw up a list of rules and tell your child to follow them – to give them a stamp on the hand when they do and a session on the naughty mat when they don’t. What you’re after in the long run is for the child himself to internalise a set of virtues that are necessary for a successful life. That’s what it means to be good, right? To have internalised desirable traits and virtues like rationality, justice, responsibility, benevolence, independence, pride and integrity. It’s those you want to cement in, not a list of do’s and don’ts.
Drawing on the literature in brain research and psychology, Vassar College professor of cognitive science Professor Kenneth Livingston explains how “the growth of virtue can be encouraged, despite the fact that young children lack the capacity to project the consequences of their actions very far into the future.” Prof Livingston argues that the parent's job is be what he calls a 'virtual consequence generator' - to stand in for the future and structure the child's experience of the world in a way that reflects the abstract moral principles involved.
"The parent’s job [he says] is to bring the future into the present for the child, to make it palpable, and to do so in a way that accurately represents the world as it is—but at a level that is accessible to the child."
As he says in ‘Teaching Albert Honesty’, this is a tall order – and he invites you to look more closely at what he identifies as the three components.
- “First, the child needs to be able to experience—immediately—the unpleasantness associated with being dishonest or behaving irresponsibly. And of course he needs to have some way of experiencing, also in the present moment, the joys of acting honestly or responsibly.
- “Second, he has to get information that helps him to build the abstract concept at issue (such as honesty or responsibility), so that what he feels is linked to this more general notion—not merely to the speciﬁc situation that provoked the parental response. (Remember, the goal is to internalize a principle, not a list of rules.)
- “Finally, once an immediate connection is made between the concept of the virtue in question and an emotion associated with achieving or failing to achieve this virtue, the child’s time horizon needs to be stretched to introduce the critical element of anticipation.”
So what does this mean in concrete terms any parent can understand?
Well, obviously the sharing and reading of stories and fables helps to offer the wide range of experiences he might one day encounter in the world, and help demonstrate for him the long-range consequences for him of acting well – not to mention encouraging him to enjoy reading for himself. But there are obviously lessons to be drawn and demonstrated in day-today life.
The parent might begin by immediately withdrawing a privilege based on trust (like choosing a television program and watching it alone). Albert would feel disappointed or unhappy and, with some discussion of the importance of trust and honesty, might begin to build a concept of truth-telling that transcends the immediate situation with the vase. Later, if Albert lied again about something important, earning a more dramatic punishment, our approach would suggest that the punishment ought to be promised but then delayed for a short time, during which Albert would be encouraged to anticipate what is about to happen.
There are many, many things to be said about how to help concretise values, to bring the future into the present for the child, to accurately represent the world as it is—but at a level that is accessible to the child. And there’s just no way to do all that in a short post. (That is, in what was supposed to be just a short post.) In his lecture on Raising Good Kids, Livingston offers a few points to keep in mind when considering your strategies":
- Know Your Virtues. You can't raise good kids if you don't have a clear sense of the good yourself. You need to know that there are right and wrong answers; that there really is such a thing as moral and immoral; that virtues themselves are a positive thing -- that the very purpose of “the good” is to help you achieve your own happiness and success in the world, not to give you a list of things to avoid or feel guilty about.
Most of all, you need to know and to hold in mind the concrete principle you're hoping to convey when you're confronted with your child in a particular concrete situation.
(And you need to know too that not every situation with your child has ethical implications. Most times you should just enjoy them.)
- Be a Virtual Consequence Generator. A young child may not yet know virtue in the abstract, but he is capable of understanding it in its more concrete particulars IF the parent can help structure his experience in a way that accurately reflects the abstract principle, and that helps him discover it for himself. That's the principle of being the "virtual consequence generator" -- you have to remember that you're "standing in for" the future, and for the much rougher, much less forgiving world in which your child will one day have to function but is not yet able to understand.
One of Maria Montessori’s commonly used maxims to keep in mind when helping children was the child is essentially saying: “Help me to do it by myself.” That’s your job in teaching the virtues. (It also relates to her idea of the classroom as a "prepared environment,” structured in such a way that the child can discover for himself the leading principles and concepts “revealed” there.)
- Show, Don’t Tell. Remember that whatever else you say or do to a child in guiding or “redirecting” their behaviour from good to bad (and let’s be clear, that redirection is sometimes going to require some force), the very techniques you employ to redirect a child's behaviour themselves convey a message.
Make a habit of snatching a toy off him that he's just snatched off a smaller child, and you unavoidably demonstrate to a child that might is right -- and whatever lessons you try to convey on each occasion by talking to him about respecting other people's property will be undercut,and quite another lesson will nonetheless be conveyed.
Start giving your child stars or stamps on the hand to reward him for acting well, and you demonstrate to a child that his primary reward for acting well is the praise or rewards given to him by authority figures, instead of by his own internalised moral compass (and it’s the internalised moral compass which you're actually trying to develop) - and you're teaching him to look outside for his rewards rather than within.
Demonstrate inconsistency in your punishments or rewards, with different consequences for the same behaviour, and you teach him the lesson that different consequences can follow from the same actions.
Remember, in other words, that it’s not primarily quiet and peaceful short-term consequences you’re after – what you’re looking for is successful long-run consequences.
- Observe that a child isn't a china doll. As Livingston says all this can all sound like a very tall order. But don’t beat yourself up when things go wrong; a child is less “breakable” than you might think. They do have free will, and you need to recognise that as well as try to harness it. Nature and nurture AND the child's own individualistic volition act together in helping the child to develop himself, provided that you "prepare the environment" well to help him do that.
So all that said, it’s still barely scratched the subject’s surface of how you can raise good kids. So here’s a few books, articles, blogs and lectures to read and listen to that will offer you more guidance suggested mostly by some good friends and colleagues of mine who know much more about most of this than I do, and from most of which I’ve taken what I’ve written here:
- Kenneth R. Livingston: ‘Teaching Albert Honesty’ – online article proposing a way for parents to help children begin to lay the foundations of moral intelligence.
- Kenneth R. Livingston: Raising Good Kids – How to help children develop the traits of character that are required for happiness and success. Drawing on the literature in psychology, Professor Livingston discusses how parents and teachers can encourage the growth of virtue in children, even before children have acquired explicit moral concepts. (Audio cassette)
- Rational Jenn’s posts on rational parenting, and the regular Non-Punitive Discipline Blog Carnival hosted at Kelly Elmore’s Reepicheep’s Coracle blog.
- Adel Faber & Elaine Mazlish: How to Talk So Kids Will Listen & Listen So Kids Will Talk – innovative ways to solve common parenting problems.
- Alfie Kohn: Unconditional Parenting: Moving from Rewards and Punishments to Love and Reason – the way kids learn to make good decisions is by making decisions, says Kohn, not by following directions. Children do best with unconditional love, respect and the opportunity to make their own choices. Kohn questions why parents and parenting literature focus on compliance and quick fixes, and points out that docility and short-term obedience are not what most parents desire of their children in the long run.
- Alfie Kohn: Punished by Rewards: The Trouble With Gold Stars, Incentive Plans, As, Praise, and Other Bribes – why rewards, including praise, fail to promote lasting behavior change and frequently make things worse.
- Celia Lashlie: He’ll Be OK: Growing Gorgeous Boys Into Good Men – tools for parents who want their sons to become good men.
- Jane M. Healy: Endangered Minds: Why Children Don’t Think & What We Can Do About It – why a TV is not a good babysitter, and how to make your child a genuine life-long learner.
- Lynne Lawrence: Montessori Read and Write: A Parent's Guide to Literacy for Children – how to help chidren learn to read and write, and to enjoy learning.
- Paula Polk Lillard: Montessori Today: A Comprehensive Approach to Education from Birth to Adulthood – a reminder that children need different things at each stage of their development, and a guide to what those stages are.
- Tara Smith: Ayn Rand’s Normative Ethics: The Virtuous Egoist – if you want to “know your virtues,” specifically the seven traits of character required for happiness and success, then Smith’s book of the seven Objectivist virtues (with a clear and easily readable chapter on each) is your ideal menu.
UPDATE: My friends and colleagues at the Maria Montessori Education Foundation tell me I should let you know about three upcoming public events for parents with two world-class speakers in Auckland, Tauranga and Wellington.
AUCKLAND: PUBLIC ADDRESS - ‘Good at Doing Things'
Professor of paediatrics and neurology at the University of Minnesota, Steven Hughes appears at AUT’s Northcote Campus on Friday September 18 to to talk about how Montessori education provides children with a lifetime of success, how it parallels what is known about brain development, and how it fosters the development of empathy and leadership. Dr Hughes, who developed his own interest in Montessori education when he saw the success and happiness of his own children in their Montessori classroom, will show how and why Montessoir kids become ‘good at doing things,’ and why that matters.
This talk -- which he’s given in Amsterdam, Minnesota, Perth, Melbourne, Adelaide, Brisbane, Sydney and now Auckland – is especially good for fathers who may wonder about this “Montessori-thing!”
* * Friday September 18 @ 7-9pm, $10 per person.
* * AUT Campus, 90 Akoranga Drive, Northcote, Auckland
For ticket information and bookings, email firstname.lastname@example.org or freephone Ana on 0800 336612.
TAURANGA: PUBLIC ADDRESS - 'The Child - A Social Being'
London-based Montessori trainer Cheryl Ferreira talks on Saturday October 10th on how the first step in ‘the child as a social being’ is to help the child develop all his functions as a free individual, which is what fosters that development of personality that actuates social organisation.
* * Saturday October 10th @ 7- 9p.m, $15 payment at the door (includes light refreshments)
* * Historic Village on 17th, Seventeenth Avenue, Tauranga
* * For ticket information and bookings email email@example.com or phone Carol 021 111 4133 by Tues Oct. 6th.
WELLINGTON: PUBLIC ADDRESS - ‘Children Creating and Developing Language from Birth Onwards'
London-based Montessori trainer Cheryl Ferreira talks on Saturday October 17th on how children create and develop language from birth onwards
Join us to discuss the factors that impact on the development of spoken language from 0-6 and how this impacts on writing and reading'.
* * Saturday October 17th @ 7-9p.m, $10 payment at the door (includes tea &coffee)
* * Wa Ora Montessori School, 278 Waddington Road, Naenae, Lower Hutt, Wellington*
* * For ticket information and bookings contact firstname.lastname@example.org or phone Anna on (04) 232 3428 by Tues Oct. 13th.
Friday, 28 August 2009
I enjoyed finding out about Raymond Chandler’s gimlet so much that I wanted to learn more about authors and their drinks. So here’s the very thing: a guest post on ‘Literary Cocktails’ by Liz Upton from Gastronomy Domine. Everything you ever wanted to start to know about writers and their cocktails (and if it’s Wellington Beervana news you’re after then it’s Neil’s Malthouse blog you’ll be wanting, and the Twitter feed you’ll be needing ). Take it away Liz, direct from a night out at the River Bar in Cambridge, England . . .
I am female and approaching 30 at a headlong rush. This means I like cocktails. I am fortunate, then, in living near Cambridge, where the River Bar and Kitchen perches above the river, over a gym whose window gives a splendid view of a hot tub full of svelte ladies which you have to sidle past to get to the bar.
The Kitchen part of the River Bar and Kitchen is not as glorious as the Bar part, so I'll gloss over it; I ate there with some friends a couple of weeks ago and was rather disappointed (dry meats, vinegary preparation, identikit saucing). The cocktails, though, are well worth a visit.
A few months ago, gurgling happily over a Manhattan (equal measures bourbon and vermouth, with a cherry and some orange zest and a dash of bitters), I was told by a friend with something pink and creamy on the end of her nose that I only like pretentious grown-up cocktails. I think this means that I prefer cocktails which aren't sugary and full of things squirted out of a cow, but I will admit to a certain mental frailty - I get a tiny kick (OK, a massive one) out of the Literary Cocktail. Knowing which brand of lime cordial you should use to make a Gimlet like the kind Philip Marlowe enjoyed, and being able to argue with the barman about it. That kind of thing.
The drink at the top of the page is a perfect example of pretension in cocktail form, and it's my very favourite cocktail, the alcoholic drink I would happily forgo all others for; a Vesper Martini. This is the original Martini James Bond creates in Casino Royale (1957, the first Bond book), named for Vesper Lynd, Bond girl and double agent. He instructs the barman:
'In a deep champagne goblet . . . Three measures of Gordon's, one of vodka, half a measure of Kina Lillet. Shake it very well until it's ice-cold, then add a large thin slice of lemon peel.'
Bond [or Fleming] knew what he was talking about; this is a beautiful cocktail.
Kina Lillet is a vermouth, and the guy at the River Bar uses only a tiny breath of vermouth; he says tastes have changed since the 50s. (They certainly have; Tom Lehrer sang about 'Hearts full of youth/Hearts full of truth/Six parts gin to one part vermouth' in Bright College Days, and this is a very vermouth-y Martini indeed to my youthful, truthful tongue.)
My next Martini was a Zubrowka (a vodka flavoured with fragrant bison grass, which is added during distillation) one. I have a great love for W Somerset Maugham. In The Razor's Edge, Isabella says:
'It smells of freshly mown hay and spring flowers, of thyme and lavender, and it's soft on the palate and so comfortable, it's like listening to music by moonlight.'
Even though her ultimate aim in rhapsodising about the stuff is to drive another character to a sodden alcoholic grave, I can't help but feel Maugham himself must have been pretty keen on Zubrowka too. (Another Somerset Maugham favourite was avocado ice cream, which is, you may be surprised to learn, absolutely divine - watch this space.)
For some reason I can't fathom, some apple schnapps and other fruity stuff found its way into my Martini when I wasn't standing at the bar to keep a firm hand on the barman (there really shouldn't be anything other than gin or vodka and vermouth - find me the man who invented the chocolate martini and I will show you an man without tastebuds but with an uncanny understanding of what drunk women will pay for), but it was still pretty fabulous. Excuse the lipstick on the rim in the photograph. It is hard to remember to photograph your Martini before drinking it when you've already had a few.
My friends were now on the champagne cocktails. In the back here is a Carol Channing. Those who have seen Thoroughly Modern Millie, a glorious film with Julie Andrews, Mary Tyler Moore, James Fox and a biplane, will remember Carol Channing's dance with the xylophone and her habit of shouting 'Raspberries!' A Carol Channing is made with muddled raspberries, sugar syrup, Chambord and raspberry eau de vie, topped up with champagne.
In front is a proper champagne cocktail - that is to say bitters soaked into a brown sugar lump, with champagne poured on top. A lovely drink, and a very, very old fashioned cocktail; it first pops up in 1862 in Jerry Thomas's How to mix drinks. (Click the link for an online facsimile of the book.) There are only a very few true cocktails in the book (the other recipes are flips, juleps, punches and recipes for flavoured syrups and so forth), and the champagne cocktail is the only one you're likely to recognise in 2005.
Somebody (as the evening wore on I lost track of who was ordering what. Can't think why) ordered a Mojito (muddled mint and sugar, rum, lime and soda water). A Brazilian friend has special mint-muddling pots and sticks, like a conical mortar and pestle, for making these; she brings cachaça, a Brazilian rum, home to England when she visits her family, and uses it to makes the best Mohitos and Caipirinhas (lime, soda, cachaça and sugar) I've tasted.
I should wrap this post up. ‘Mr Weasel’ is on his way home from the supermarket; he has gone to fetch a bottle of Big Tom's tomato juice, which we will adulterate with some vodka I've been steeping chilis in for a few months. I love weekends. Those wondering about the Philip Marlowe Gimlets, by the way, should read The Long Goodbye, where Marlowe informs us that 'A real gimlet is half gin and half Rose’s Lime Juice, and nothing else. It beats martinis hollow.' He's right; Rose's is the only one made only with real, fresh limes. Try it some time - cut down on the Rose's if you find it too sweet. [And if you really want to know even more, then try A Gimlet for Mr Chandler.]
Just so you know, there’s no (ir)regular Friday Ramble here today – no bunch o’links for you to explore. But if you’d like to head over to my Twitter page you’ll get all you’d normally get here on a Friday – and if you subscribe to my Twitter feed (which is easier than you think, you know, all you have to so is sign up--it’s free--and then click ‘Follow’), then you’ll be able to keep getting my bunch o’links in real time.
PS: Now I’ve finished typing that and read it back to myself, I realise that five years ago I wouldn’t have understood a word of it. How’s that for change!
I see John Boy
Walton Key is appearing on Letterman in the ‘Top Ten’ slot. So here’s some suggestions from Russell W for what he can say: The Top Ten Things About Being Prime Minister, by John Boy Key (aged 13¾)
No 10. I’m on TV!
No 9. Nick Smith & Tony Ryall are so annoying, they make me look good.
No 8. Listening? What’s that you say?
No 7. I can say, “I’ll give you a tax cut,” even though I knew I wasn’t going to.
No 6. I get to meet the Obamessiah.
No 5. I get to overrule Bill. Sometimes.
No 4. People think I’m nice.
No 3. I can finally say “Some of my best friends are Maori.”
No 2. I’ve discovered that flip flops are actually political principles./
No 1. To get elected, you just have to tell people you’re different from the other team -- but you don’t have to be different.
Few details have been released so far, but Maurice Wimpianson’s proposal to “shift the responsibility for building work” away from councils and onto “licensed” builders looks like the worst of both worlds. “The liability for building now lands on local councils and that needs to change,” says Williamson, and so it does. Trouble is, I’m not so sure that what I’ve heard of his changes – what will be the third major change to the industry in little over a decade – are the silver bullet the industry needs.
It’s true that councils should never have been landed with a responsibility they can properly administer nor a risk their ratepayers can afford. (The cost of making councils responsible for building risk has been made worse both by leaking houses, and the green-plated building regulations supposed to “fix” that problem, which heavily inflates the cost of repairs.) Assessing building quality is not something councils do well, and with the increasing sophistication of buildings these days the attempt to have them shoulder the responsibility for it has been a disaster all around.
Long discussions about sophisticated building systems with people who have only just learnt to read and write, but who nonetheless are required to take responsibility for issuing your consent, is not a process calculated to make a person fall in love with the present system.
Long delays in processing consents and issuing Code Compliance Certificates only add to already exorbitant costs for home-builders and home-buyers – costs that reflect the attempts by council to do something they can’t do well, and to stump up for a responsibility they should never have had.
But you’re not going to fix this mare’s nest of unclear responsibility and the extra cost that reflects that loose chain by allowing “licensed” builders to “self-certify.” That just sounds absurd. And it cuts out completely D.I.Y.ers and honest builders who don’t wish to pay fat sums to ignorant fat cats to assess them.
Don’t be confused by the rhetoric of the Building Minister. It’s not a free market or a deregulation that Wimpianson is proposing. It’s a hampered market with costs inflated by state meddling, the supply of builders restricted by state controls, and the cost of risk (which is inflated by green-plated building regulations inflating the cost of repairs) landed squarely on builders’ shoulders – those few builders who will choose to remain.
Government-licensing of builders is no more a guarantee of building quality than it was to have government-licensing of building systems. We’re still paying for the false sense of security that gave everyone. Using qualifications as a proxy for quality is the only way a bureaucrat in a state-controlled system can “measure” quality, but it certainly doesn’t guarantee it -- as a perusal of the “quality” of registered teachers would tell you.
The idea that registering architects and licensing builders is some silver bullet that guarantees quality can be exploded simply by looking at the number of leaky houses designed by registered architects and built by master builders, i.e., a significant number. I’m repairing one now that was built by master builders, and designed and signed off by the president of the Institute of Architects – didn’t stop the building leaking, or needing expensive repairs
It’s essential that councils be taken out of the building chain. They should never have been there in the first place. But licensing builders is not the answer to fall back on: and the enthusiastic reception by Master Builders to the idea is not evidence that it is the answer, but evidence instead that Master Builders see the opportunity here for rent-seeking. And they will be.
To see what the answer to all this might be, let’s look at what might happen if the government got the hell out of the way altogether (aside, that is, from its proper job of registering titles and contracts). Now, when you buy a second-hand car you’ll usually get it inspected. When you buy a house, which is the most expensive thing most of you are ever going to buy, you’d expect that you’d have that inspected too. And just as sellers of second-hand cars are increasingly touting the quality of the inspections and inspectors to help sell their cars – Come With Full AA Inspection! Signature Class Car! – so too would recognised building inspectors acquire increased importance among buyers.
Wouldn’t be very long before they’d be looking only for houses backed by reputable inspectors – inspectors who, unlike councils, would have their own reputation on the line with every house they assess.
And acquiring importance too would be insurance companies. I see Maurice floating the idea of a warranty bought by the builder, but without details it’s hard to know precisely what’s intends for Maurice’s Market. But what’s likely to happen in a free market is that standards are increasingly set by insurance companies themselves – standards that in many cases will be higher than they are now, but are based on what’s economically workable for their customers. If you want to sell a house, then you’ll want to convince house-buyers it was well-built – and the best way to convince them of that would be first to convince the best insurance company you can afford.
The company that insures your house has the biggest incentive to assess its build-quality without taking your wallet off at the arm. And in a free building market, each insurance company would be free to set its own building standards – with premiums and reputations to suit. Build the housing equivalent of a Toyota Corolla, and most insurers would charge very little for the very little risk involved. Build the housing equivalent of a hot rod however, something more radical, and you’d find fewer insurers willing to back you, and those who did would want to charge you more for the privilege. But you’d still be able to build it, which you can’t do today.
The outcome of an actual free market would be that you could choose your risk based on the level of building risk and building excitement you wanted – just as you do with a car – and building standards would eventually be set by market mechanisms that left the risk where it should be: on buyers and sellers and insurers. Not on ratepayers.
Standards would likely be higher, as insurers (like the AA do with their car inspections) fight to increase their reputations. And over time you’d have building standards that encouraged innovation, rather than strangled it, protected home-owners rather than leaving them in limbo, and didn’t cost an arm and a leg and numerous long delays to assess.
Frank Lloyd Wright used to say that the building regulations of today reflect what the building inspectors of yesterday knew, or thought they knew.
He’s still right. And it’s getting so that’s all we’re allowed to erect.
UPDATE: A question from a commenter made me wonder if I hadn’t been too clear.
Basically, I am suggesting is inspections not just when you buy an existing house (which is what most people do now), but also during the construction of your new house – and not from your local council, but by your chosen insurer.
What I'm essentially suggesting is that if govt and local govt withdrew, then what would be likely to replace them is an insurance-driven model, with the insurance companies themselves acting as your "consenting agency." Unlike now, that would make the chain of responsibility for failure very clear, and the motivation for doing good very stark.
Your motivation as a home-builder for using one would be to ensure both its resale value and its insurability. Both would be easier if you can choose and afford a reputable insurer who sets objective standards by which your new building can be measured. (And these could even refer to existing standards like NZS, AS and so on.)
And the motivation of the insurer would be the same as it is now in every other field: to offer a competitive rate and service while maintaining its reputation for square dealing.
So as a home-builder you'd be dealing with a rational organisation who wanted to help you -- and also wanted to ensure things were done right.
And as a home-owner you'd have both the choice of insurer, and the choice of the level of risk you wanted to take.
Basically, if you wanted to build something conventional, you could get a good inexpensive service that protected you and future home-buyers. And if you wanted something more like the Bavinger House (below and right), you'd have to pay a little more . . . but unlike the situation now, you'd actually be allowed to build it!
UPDATE 2: Opening my latest copy of ‘Scope’ magazine, I read with interest the story of this new house (right and below) on Fiji’s Denarau Island for a newly retired couple, designed by Auckland-based Glasgow Architects. The house, one of many in this still popular resort area, has been specced for abundant rainfall, Fiji’s heat and high tropical wind forces. Says principal Garry Glasgow of the insurance-based model used in resort-town Fiji,
“Building in Fiji presents some interesting issues as there is no ‘building code’ as we are accustomed to in New Zealand. ‘In fact,” Garry says, ‘the control on quality is dependent on the insurance companies who insist on engineering reports and architectural qualifications to comply with their building criteria. For this reason more detailed construction supervision was required than is the case in New Zealand.”
UPDATE 3: Meanwhile back in New Zealand, the South Pacific’s home of extensive, expensive building bureaucracy, we hear more stories like this one:
“We're getting a simple shed built, to use as a workshop. The contractor tells us that the council charges for a building permit have gone up by around 40% in less than two years. And even though the number of applications has dropped drastically over the past twelve months the waiting time for approval hasn't varied.....Oddly enough, the four councils in this area have all put up their charges by exactly the same amount.
“In addition, any windows in a habitable building must be double-glazed--never mind the cost, never mind that it's none of the council's damn business.
“These bastards are nothing more than parasites, leeching off other people's work and getting in the way of the productive sector of society. A pox on them all.”